Nausea and vomiting occurring after a surgical operation. Below you may find medications used to treat or help with Nausea/Vomiting, Postoperative. More about Nausea/Vomiting, Postoperative

Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting FAQ


What causes postoperative nausea and vomiting?

PONV can be caused by various factors including the type of surgery, anesthesia, and individual patient characteristics.

How is PONV treated?

Treatment of PONV can involve medications such as antiemetics, intravenous fluids, and other supportive measures to relieve symptoms.

Are there risk factors for developing PONV?

Yes, risk factors include a history of motion sickness, non-smoking status, age, and female gender.

Can PONV be prevented?

Yes, preventative measures include the use of antiemetic medications, avoiding fasting, and considering regional anesthesia techniques.

When should I seek medical attention for PONV?

If nausea and vomiting persist or are severe, it's important to consult a healthcare professional for appropriate management.

What are the common medications used to treat PONV?

Common medications include ondansetron (Zofran), aprepitant (Emend), granisetron (Kytril), palonosetron (Aloxi), and granisetron transdermal system (Sancuso).

Is PONV more common in certain types of surgeries?

Yes, some surgical procedures, such as laparoscopic and gynecological surgeries, are associated with a higher risk of PONV.

Can PONV affect the recovery process?

Yes, PONV can prolong recovery, delay hospital discharge, and affect the overall postoperative experience.

Are there non-pharmacological methods to manage PONV?

Yes, non-pharmacological methods include acupuncture, acupressure, and cognitive behavioral therapy, although their effectiveness may vary.

Can PONV be more severe in some patients?

Yes, certain patients may be at a higher risk for severe PONV, and personalized treatment strategies may be necessary for their management.

Do all patients experience PONV after surgery?

No, not all patients experience PONV, but it is a common complication that requires attention and appropriate management when it occurs.

Can PONV affect children and adolescents?

Yes, PONV can affect pediatric patients, and the management of PONV in this population requires special considerations.

Can PONV lead to dehydration?

Yes, persistent vomiting associated with PONV can lead to dehydration, and prompt intervention is important to prevent complications.

Is PONV more common in outpatient surgeries?

Yes, PONV is more commonly observed in outpatient or ambulatory surgeries, and its management is an important aspect of outpatient care.

Are there any dietary recommendations for managing PONV?

In some cases, mild foods and clear fluids may be easier on the stomach and help alleviate symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

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